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As a cautious mum-to-be, you want to know what the main symptoms are that indicate a possible medical condition in your pregnancy. Common pregnancy problems include vaginal bleeding. Find out with Barza which factors cause this blood loss, but also when it becomes a cause for concern and a visit to the doctor is absolutely necessary.
Vaginal bleeding: main causes and explanations
During pregnancy, vaginal bleeding is quite common and can easily frighten you. They do not always indicate a problem, especially if they occur in the first trimester of pregnancy.
For example, about two weeks after conception, you may have a slight bleeding(implantation bleeding). It can be mistaken for menstruation if it occurs during the expected period of the menstrual cycle.
First trimester bleeding can also be a sign of conditions and complications such as miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, molar pregnancy or cervical cancer. They can also indicate various other problems with the cervix.
In the second trimester of pregnancy, if bleeding occurs, it can signal, in addition to miscarriage, problems with the placenta, premature labour, cervical damage and untreated intimate infections. For example, vaginal infections and inflammation can irritate the vaginal lining and cause bleeding during pregnancy. It is important to treat these infections to avoid complications.
Cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix) can cause vaginal bleeding during pregnancy. This condition can be caused by infections such as Chlamydia or Gonorrhoea.
Other possible causes of vaginal bleeding in pregnancy
Rupture of blood vessels
As the uterus expands and adapts to the growth of the fetus, there may be minor ruptures of blood vessels in the cervix or vaginal lining, which can lead to light bleeding.
This is a condition in which the placenta attaches to the lower part of the uterus, partially or completely covering the cervical opening. Placenta previa can cause severe vaginal bleeding during pregnancy and requires proper medical supervision.
This is a serious situation in which the placenta detaches from the uterine wall before birth. Placenta detachment can cause heavy vaginal bleeding and put both mother and baby at risk.
In the third trimester, any bleeding, no matter how small, should be investigated promptly in order to detect any difficulties during birth.
Towards the end of the pregnancy, bleeding will occur again, in small amounts. These are normal and announce that the baby is getting ready to come into the world.
Regardless of the stage of your pregnancy, contact your obstetrician every time you experience bleeding. If bleeding has removed tissue or you have had bleeding accompanied by abdominal pain, cramps, fever, chills or twitching you should go to hospital urgently for a reliable diagnosis and effective treatment.
Read more on the subject: in the article Pregnancy complications and conditions learn about ectopic pregnancy, molar pregnancy and abdominal pain. And if you want to know more about miscarriage and thyroid conditions, read more HERE.